History, from past to present


The long history of the Croda da Lago Mountain hut

1901 – 1904
Construction and the Barbaria management

The mountain hut history started back in 1901 with the construction of the ‘’Barbaria Hütte” now “Croda da Lago’’ mountain hut, by the alpine guide Giovanni Barbaria “Zuchin” (1850 – 1939) by Lake Federa, at a 2046 m altitude.

The land and wood for the construction of the building was given by the Municipality and amongst the clauses, it is possible to see a final one that reads “it is recommended not to serve too many drinks to the shepherds“ referring to Malga Federa, an alpine shepherds’ hut located just 2 km away from the mountain hut.

The opening dates back to 2nd September 1901 at 10:30 am.
In 1905, Barbaria decided to sell the mountain hut to the D.Oe.A.V section of Reichenberg.

Despite the numerous alpinists that frequented the area, the returns did not match Giovanni’s expectations (it appears that no friend visitor wouldn’t be offered a few drinks, naturally for free).
The building was immediately renovated by the new owners and it was officially opened in 1905 and renamed “Reichenbergerhütte”. The management responsibilities were given to Serafino Lacedelli “Finuco melo” (1875 – 1953) who was the keeper of the mountain hut until the breakout of the First World War.

Storia del rifugio Croda da Lago
Opening of Reichenberghutte: 31-10-1905

1905 -1915
Reichenberg and the Lacedelli management

In 1905, Barbaria decided to sell the mountain hut to the D.Oe.A.V section of Reichenberg. Despite the numerous alpinists that frequented the area, the returns did not match Giovanni’s expectations (it appears that no friend visitor wouldn’t be offered a few drinks, naturally for free).

The building was immediately renovated by the new owners and it was officially opened in 1905 and renamed “Reichenbergerhütte”. The management responsibilities were given to Serafino Lacedelli “Finuco melo” (1875 – 1953) who was the keeper of the mountain hut until the breakout of the First World War.

1920 -1944
CAI Cortina and reopening after the war and the management by Toscani management

In 1920, after the end of the world war, the mountain hut passed from to the Reichenberg section to the CAI (Italin Alpine Club) section of Cortina and was named “Rifugio Croda da Lago” , name that was kept until 1947.
It reopened in 1923 after long and expensive work and was managed for 23 years by a married couple: Achille Toscani and Vittoria Zardini.
In 1944, during the Second World War, the mountain hut became a German garrison and was severely damaged.

1946 – 1993
The Siorpaes Management

On 8th April 1946, the CAI decided to entrust the management of the mountain hut to Marcello Siorpaes “da Sorabances” nephew of the famous Santo, the conqueror of the Becco di Mezzodì mountain.

On 18th July 1948, following a donation made by the Palmieri family, in memory of their son, who fell in World War II, the mountain hut was renamed “Rifugio Gianni Palmieri alla Croda da Lago”

In the early 60s, Marcello passed the baton to his son Renato and his family who ran it until 1993.

1994 – Present • Alverà Management

In 1994, the management of the mountain hut was entrusted to Alverà Modesto “Pazifico”, alpine guide and ‘Scoiattolo’ (‘squirrel’ – as members of the famous Cortina climbing group are called) who still runs it together with his wife Monica Molin (daughter of the famous alpine guide Alziro Molin) and his 6 children.
Several improvements are made each year, so the mountain hut can become more and more comfortable and inviting.

Mountaineering history

  • 1872 – 5th July. Santo Siorpaes “Salvador” conquered the Becco di Mezzodì (“ra Ziéta” in the local language) together with the Scottish W. E. Utterson Kelso.
  • 1878 – 23rd August. The guides Arcangelo and Pietro Dimai “Déo”con P. Fröschels e F. Silberstein go on the first climb of the Cima Ambrizola “Ponta de Anbrizòra” peak – East side.
  • 1884 -19th July. Michael Innerkofler marks an important chapter in the alpinism events of the Ampezzo Dolomites. Together with Roland von Eötvös, the Hungarian baron, they get to the peak of Croda da Lago for the very first time.
  • • 1884 – 22nd July. Michele Innerkofler, again, with the Baron Roland von Eötvös manage to get to the summit of the Campanile Innerkofler (it was in fact the Baron to name the campanile after the famous guide from Sesto).

It is a golden era in the history of alpinism around the Croda da Lago which becomes the most popular destination in the Cortina d’Ampezzo territory.


  • 1891 – 10th December. Antonio and Pietro Dimai “Déo”, went on the first winter climb of the Eötvös-Innerkofler climbing route with the Dutch Jeanne Immink.
  • 1895 – 28th July. The mountain guides Giovanni Barbaria “Zuchin” and Pietro Dimai “Déo” took the German Anton Schmidt on the first climb of the Punta Adi (Adele).
  • 1895 – 28th August. Zaccaria Pompanin “Sàcar de Radešchi” and Angelo Zangiacomi “Pizenin Sachèo” climb a new climbing route on Croda da Lago with Leone Senigaglia, (via Senigaglia). It is renowned for the challenging but short chimney, named after Pompanin.
  • 1908 – 19th August. Bortolo Barbaria “zuchin” (son of Giovanni and known as “the man of the chimneys”) and Giuseppe Menardi “Bèrto” climb the Becco di Mezzodì on the north-west side (Barbaria chimney).
  • 1927 – 15th October. Severino Casara, Marcello Canal, Emma e Cesare Capuis, Alberto Marzollo e Simoni climb the so-called “Emmeli” climbing route on the East side of Becco di Mezzodi for the very first time.
  • 1942 – 12th July. The “Scoiattoli” Ettore Costantini “Vecio” e Luigi Ghedina “Bibi” create an alternative to the Barbaria chimney, while Albino Alverà “Boni”, Luigi Menardi “Iji”, Romano Apollonio “Nano” with the teacher Domenico Mariano, create the Mariano route, next to the Emmeli route.
  • 1943 – 16th August. The great alpinist Attilio Tissi climbs the Barbaria chimney with his wife Mariola and Ugo Fasolo.
  • 1966 – 6th October. Lino Lacedelli “de Ménte”, Scoiattolo and climber of K2, takes Rolly Marchi and Dino Buzzati on the peak of Croda da Lago.

Bibliography consulted:
“1901 Barbaria Hütte 2001 Rifugio Croda da Lago Gianni Palmieri un secolo di storia” by Ernesto Majoni.